Blood-based NfL – A biomarker for differential diagnosis of parkinsonian disorder

Objective: To determine if blood neurofilament light chain (NfL) protein can discriminate between Parkinson disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian disorders (APD) with equally high diagnostic accuracy as CSF NfL, and can therefore improve the diagnostic workup of parkinsonian disorders.

Methods: The study included 3 independent prospective cohorts: the Lund (n = 278) and London (n = 117) cohorts,

Left frontal cortex connectivity underlies cognitive reserve in prodromal Alzheimer disease

Objective: To test whether higher global functional connectivity of the left frontal cortex (LFC) in Alzheimer disease (AD) is associated with more years of education (a proxy of cognitive reserve [CR]) and mitigates the association between AD-related fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET hypometabolism and episodic memory.

Methods: Forty-four amyloid-PET–positive patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI-Aβ+) and 24 amyloid-PET–negative healthy controls (HC) were included.